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2015年考研英语作文范文与解析
2015-01-21 17:16:09   来源:网络资源    双击单词自动翻译

Translation  Directions:  Translate the following text from English into Chinese Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2 (15 points)  Think about driving a route that

Translation

  Directions:

  Translate the following text from English into Chinese. Write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

  Think about driving a route that’s very familiar. It could be your commute to work, a trip into town or the way home. Whichever it is, you know every twist and turn like the back of your hand. On these sorts of trips it’s easy to lose concentration on the driving and pay little attention to the passing scenery. The consequence is that you perceive that the trip has taken less time than it actually has。

  This is the well-travelled road effect: people tend to underestimate the time it takes to travel a familiar route。

  The effect is caused by the way we allocate our attention. When we travel down a well-known route, because we don’t have to concentrate much, time seems to flow more quickly. And afterwards, when we come to think back on it, we can’t remember the journey well because we didn’t pay much attention to it. So we assume it was proportionately shorter。

  设想一下,你正开车行驶在一条非常熟悉的路线上。可能是你每天上下班、去城里、或是回家的路。不管是哪一条路,你对每一个拐每一个弯都了如指掌,非常熟悉。在这样的路途中,我们容易在开车的时候心不在焉,对途中的景色也几乎是全然不顾。如此一来,你会觉得路上所花的时间比实际要少。

  这就是“熟悉路线效应”:人们往往会低估行驶在熟悉的路上所花费的时间。

  这一效应由我们分配精力的方式引起。当行驶在熟悉的路上时,由于我们不用太过集中精力,时间似乎飞逝而过。随后,我们回想行车过程时,由于我们没有过多关注,所以对行车的印象也很模糊。因此我们会认为花费的时间会更短些。

  作文解析:

  今年英语二作文的题目比较好写,因为标题和图示非常清晰明白。图标显示了我国某市居民春节假期花销比例, 考生分析原因的话也会很简单。下面分三段简要地说一下这三段应该怎么写。

  第一段主要是描述图表。图表一目了然,数量词百分比也是大家熟悉的词汇,主要是春节的翻译,可能有些同学不会写,为Spring Festival。表述数据时,图中有四组数据,由于字数的限制以及为了写作的便利可以突出最大比例的“新年礼物”,其他两个“交通”和“聚会吃饭”可以选择其一来描述,注意百分比的表达方式。

  第二段给出你的评论,主要写这种情况的原因。主要要结合图表描述的内容从两个方面写起。一方面为什么买新年礼物花费的钱最多, 另一方面为什么交通或者聚会会占到20%比例。

  最后结尾段落可简要得出结论,这种现象并不奇怪,还将继续下去。

 

作文地带指导:

  Write an essay based on the following chart. you should

  1) interpret the chart and

  2) give your comments。

  You should write about 150 words on the ANSWER SHEET。(15 points)。

  我国某市居民春节假期花销比例

  参考例文:

  As is clearly reflected in the above pie chart, the proportion of money spent on various affairs demonstrates obvious differences during the Spring Festival in one city of China. According to the data given, the money spent on buying gifts for others takes a lion’s share, accounting for 40%. While transportation takes away 20% of the whole proportion。

  What triggers this phenomenon? It is not difficult to put forward several factors responsible for this phenomenon. To start with, with the ever-growing eagerness to keep up with others, oceans of folks intended to offer thicker and thicker red envelope to kids as gift money, which leads to the high proportion of our expenditure. What’s more, due to the great urbanization, most Chinese residents move from their hometowns to work in big cities. In order to cover the long distance and enjoy the happy together with family members, a large amount of money is spent on transportation。

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